Smart Pig in San Jose
Pipelines are by far the safest and most efficient way to transport petroleum products. When compared to truck transport, moving jet fuel and other liquids by pipeline not only results in far less accidents and injuries, but also practically eliminates all carbon dioxide, NOx, and particulate emissions. America's pipeline network transports a variety of products, including gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, all of which are essential to the nation's livelihood. The American Petroleum Institute
and the Association of Oil Pipe Lines
have teamed up to create a website called Pipeline 101
. Please visit this site for detailed explanations, graphics, and insights on how pipelines operate.
In-line inspections enable Wickland Pipelines LLC to identify any potential maintenance and can prevent problems from occurring. These inspections are performed by tools called "smart pigs". The tools are loaded into the pipeline and are carried through the line by the flow of product. The purpose of running a tool is to measure restrictions and deformations and to detect metal loss along the length of the pipeline. The tools have on-board odometers to pinpoint where there may be a problem with the pipeline. The most important aspect of in-line inspections is safety. Quite often, these inspections identify situations that may not be a problem now, but if left undetected, could pose a problem in the future. By performing these inspections on a regular basis, pipelines will continue to operate safely.
A hydrostatic test involves filling a portion of the pipeline with water, and using pumps to add additional water in order to pressure test the pipeline for a specified period of time. Hydrostatic testing is used to strength test new pipe at the completion of pipeline installation in the field prior to placing the line in service. The purpose of a hydrostatic test is to test the integrity of the pipeline under environmentally safe conditions and to ensure the safe operation of the pipeline, both of which benefits us, the public, and the environment.
First and foremost, Wickland Pipelines LLC is responsible for the safety and reliability of our own pipeline systems. Additionally, federal and state regulators oversee compliance with a host of regulatory requirements. Almost all aspects of the pipeline business and pipeline operations are regulated. The safety aspects of our pipeline operations are audited and inspected frequently by the California Office of State Fire Marshall in cooperation with the federal Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. When new pipelines are being considered, we must work with both state and federal permitting agencies, which are responsible for protecting the public and the environment.